SMSS Laboratory

Adapting to the technological evolution

The Smart Materials, Structures and Systems (SMSS) Lab is located in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the IIT Kanpur and led by Prof. Bishakh Bhattacharya.

The SMSS Research Group has been a center of excellence for Smart Materials research, teaching, and practice since its founding in 2001.

SMSS Laboratory - Virtual Tour

Announcement ๐Ÿ””

Applications are invited for Project Engineer positions.

Apply before 15th September, 2022

Project Recruitment

SMSS Laboratory at a glance


Journal Articles



Conference Papers



Patents Filed


Projects Undertaken


โ‚น 30 Cr+

Sanctioned Budget



Alumni Network

Prof. Bishakh Bhattacharya

Prof. Bishakh Bhattacharya

Professor, Mechanical Engineering

IIT Kanpur

Principal Investigator

Dr. Bishakh Bhattacharya is a Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering at IIT Kanpur, India. He is currently the HAL Chair for the period of Feb 2021 - Jan 2024, Member (Senate Nominee) of the Board of Governors (BoG) of IIT Kanpur and Coordinator, Centre of Excellence - Telemedicine & Robotics, Gangwal School of Medical Sciences and Technology, IIT Kanpur. He is the former Head of the Design Programme from 2011-2013. He also served as a head of Cognitive Science Programme and coordinated the Space Technology Cell of the Institute. He was a visiting professor at the University of Sheffield, where he researched on Structural Health Monitoring of Complex Autonomous Systems in collaboration with Prof. K. Visakan, Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering. He was also a visiting Professor at IPS-Waseda University, Japan and jointly developed a series of Pipe Health Monitoring robots with Prof. Harutoshi Ogai. As a DST-JSPS recipient, he is working in collaboration with Prof. Hiroaki Wagatsuma of Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan on a Child Robot Interaction study. He is active in creating Web and Video-based course materials for Indiaโ€™s National Program on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) initiative.


  • Telemedicine & Healthcare Robotics
  • Energy Harvesting System
  • Structural Health Management
  • Sensors and Actuators
  • Smart Materials
  • Cognitive Science
  • Child- Robot Interaction
  • Active & Passive Vibration Control
  • Intelligent System Design


  • PhD in Aerospace Engineering, 1998

    Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru

  • ME in Mechanical Engineering, 1991

    Jadavpur University, Kolkata

  • BE in Civil Engineering, 1988

    Jadavpur University, Kolkata




Design and Development of Autonomous Robot for Crop-Monitoring and Localized Pest Neutralization

Bioinspired SMA based Actuator

Design and development of a miniature rotary actuator based on Flexinol SMA

Smart Stick

Development of an Intelligent Sit-to-Stand (STS) and Mobility Support System for the Elderly

Aquatic Autonomous Observatory - NSVS

Real-Time, In-Situ River Health Monitoring Robot

Child-Robot Interaction

Cognitive Robotics based study of Child-Robot Interaction (CRI)

Power Substation Inspection Robot

Design and Developement of Autonomous Power Substation Inspection Robot

Cabin Pressure Control System (CPCS)

Dynamic modeling of a cabin pressure control system for a multirole fighter aircraft

Metastructures & Metamaterials

Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC) funded Projects

Pipe Health Monitoring Robot (PHMR)

Design and Development df Pipeline Health Monitoring Robot for Gas Transportation Pipelines

Recent Publications

You can also search our full publications list.

Design and development of non-magnetic hierarchical actuator powered by shape memory alloy based bipennate muscle

Abstract Actuators are ubiquitous to generate controlled motion through the application of suitable excitation force or torque to perform various operations in manufacturing and industrial automation. The demands placed on faster, smaller, and efficient actuators drive innovation in actuator development. Shape memory alloy (SMA) based actuators have multiple advantages over conventional actuators, including high power-to-weight ratio. This paper integrates the advantages of pennate muscle of a biological system and the unique properties of SMA to develop SMA-based bipennate actuator. The present study explores and expands on the previous SMA actuators by developing the mathematical model of the new actuator based on the bipennate arrangement of the SMA wires and experimentally validating it. The new actuator is found to deliver at least five times higher actuation forces (up to 150 N) in comparison to the reported SMA-based actuators. The corresponding weight reduction is about 67%. The results from the sensitivity analysis of the mathematical model facilitates customization of the design parameters and understanding critical parameters. This study further introduces an Nth level hierarchical actuator that can be deployed for further amplification of actuation forces. The SMA-based bipennate muscle actuator has broad applications ranging from building automation controls to precise drug delivery systems.


Dr. Bishakh Bhattacharya