EEM 602: Physicochemical Principles and Processes (4 units)Structure and basic properties of water - their significance in environment engineering, sources of water impurities, abiotic reactions, biological metabolism. Solid-liquid-gas interactions, mass transfer and transport of impurities in water and air, diffusion, dispersion. Physical and Chemical interactions due to various forces, suspensions and dispersions. Chemical reactions, chemical equilibrium and chemical thermodynamics, acid-base equilibria, solubility equilibria, oxidation-reduction equilibria. Process kinetics, reaction rates and catalysis, surface and colloidal chemistry, adsorption. Settling of particles in water, coagulation and flocculation, filtration - mechanisms and interpretations, ion exchange and adsorption, water stabilization, aeration and gas transfer, Membrane processes; reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, desalination.
EEM 603: Ecological and Biological Principles (4 units)Ecosystems; biotic and abiotic components, production and consumption, trophic levels, productivity and energy flow, food webs, cycling of elements. Ecology of population; ecological niche, mortality and survivorship, community interactions. Changes in ecosystems; succession. Long range changes, long range stability. The organization and dynamics of ecological communities. Description and study of typical natural and artificial ecosystems. Biochemistry; photosynthesis and respiration, important biological compounds, enzymes. Microbiological concepts; cells, classification and characteristics of living organisms, characterization techniques, reproduction, metabolism, microbial growth kinetics. Applications to environmental engineering; assimilation of wastes, engineered systems, concepts and principles of carbon oxidation , nitrification, denitrification, methanogenesis, etc.
EEM 604: Environmental Quality and Pollution Monitoring Techniques (4 units)General principles of sample collection and data analysis. Gravimetric methods for solids analysis in water and wastewater, determination of acidity, alkalinity and turbidity, analysis of common cations and anions in water/wastewater through various chemical techniques, determination of nitrogen, phosphorus and chemical oxygen demand (COD). Titrimetric methods; acid-base titrations, precipitation titrations, complexometric titrations, oxidation-reduction titrations. Electrochemical methods; working principles of electrodes, different types of electrodes. Spectrophotometric methods; Nephlometric methods; Atomic Absorption spectroscopy; Biological methods and microbiology; Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), MPN test for microbial pollution, plate counts; confirmatory tests. Sampling techniques for air pollution measurements; analysis of particulates and common chemical air pollutants like oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulphur, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbon.
EEM 606: Air Pollution and its Control (4 units)Air pollutants, their sources and harmful effects and on the environment; Meteorology as applied to air pollution and dispersion of air pollutants; Air quality and emission standards; Air pollution legislation; Methods for monitoring and control; selection of control equipments. Engineering control concepts; process change, fuel change; pollutant removal and disposal of pollutants; Control devices and systems, removal of dry particulate matter, liquid droplets and mist removal, gaseous pollutants and odour removal. Control of stationary and mobile sources. Economics and trends of air pollution control.
EEM 609: Modeling of Natural Systems (4 units)
Introduction, modelling of volatilization, sorption/desorption, chemical transformations, photochemical transformations, biological transformations and bioturbation. Concepts of scale in natural systems, brief review of mass, momentum and energy balance, advection, molecular diffusion, dispersion. Modelling of rivers, lakes, large lakes, sediments, estuaries, wetlands, subsurface flow and transport. Finite difference and linear algebraic methods to solve the system equations. Some special models.
EEM613: Atmospheric physics and chemistry (4 units)
Atmosphere as a Physical system, Introduction to Atmospheric Models: Simple Radiative model, Greenhouse Effect, Global Warming, Atmospheric Observations: The mean Temperature and Wind Fields, Gravity Waves, Rossby Waves, Ozone. Potential Temperature, Parcel Concepts, The Available Potential Energy, Moisture in the Atmosphere, The Saturated Adiabatic Lapse Rate, The Tephigram, Cloud Formation.Thermodynamics of Chemical Reactions, Chemical Kinetics, Bimolecular Reactions Photodissociation, Stratospheric Ozone, Chapman Chemistry, Catalytic Cycles, Transport of Chemicals, The Antarctic Ozone Hole.Aerosol Dynamics: Discrete and continuous aerosol size distributions; Thermodynamics o atmospheric aerosols; Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation; Coagulation and coagulation kernels; Condensation/evaporation, saturation vapour pressure corrections; Fluxes to a particle population; Sedimentation and dry deposition; Chemical equilibria; Heterogeneous reactions in aerosol aqueous phase; Aerosolcloud interactions. Aerosol and Global Climate: Trends in anthropogenic emissions and troposphere composition Solar and terrestrial radiation; Effect of pollutants on Earth's radiation budget; Radiatio cattering by aerosols and clouds; Models for global warming and cooling.
EEM702: Principles Of Environmental Economics and Management (4 units)
Environmental Laws, Environmental Regulation, Life Cycle Assessment, Environmental Impact Assessment, Introduction to Environmental Economics, Economic policies for environmental regulation
EEM701: Special Topics in Environmental Engineering and Management (4 units)
Statistical risk assessment-groundwater modeling and groundwater contamination-solid waste management
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