Course title

Course code


Geodetic Astronomy and Introduction to Satellite Geodesy


Geodetic Astronomy: Celestial sphere, definition of terms in astronomy, solution of astronomical triangle celestial coordinate systems and their inter-transformations variation in celestial coordinates: precession, nutation, polar motion, physical effects and proper motion time systems: solar, sidereal, ephemerides, atomic and rotational time systems: UT0, UT1, UT2 and UTC, polar motion CIO, Earth rotation, leap second, determination of astronomic azimuth, latitude and longitude.

Satellite Geodesy: Introduction to satellite geodesy, Keplerian laws of satellite motion, geometry of ellipse and keplerian ellipse in space, transformation of coordinates from Keplerian elements to Earth centered Earth fixed (ECEF) coordinate system, perturbed satellite motion, Lagrangian and Gaussian forms of perturbation equations, gravitational and non-gravitational perturbing forces, introduction to GNSS, SLR, VLBI and satellite altimetry, geodetic applications of satellite missions.



  1. Torge, W (2001). Geodesy. 3rd edn. Walter de Gruyter.
  2. Vanícek, P and Krakiwsky, E (1986). Geodesy: The Concepts. 2nd edn. Elsevier.
  3. Seeber, G. (1996). Satellite Geodesy. Walter de Gruyter.
  4. Kaula, W.M. (2000). Theory of Satellite Geodesy: Applications of  Satellites to Geodesy. Dover Publications.
  5. Montenbruck, O. and Gill, E.(2000).Satellite Orbits. Springer