Smart energy grids are the backbone of the future Smart Cities. The smart distribution system of the smart grid will be responsible for intelligent management and operation of energy networks in cities.
The Smart City definition varies from city to city and country to country, depending on the level of development, willingness to change and reform, resources and aspirations of the city residents
The ojective of Smart City pilot project is to implement the feasible model of a futuristic city which has the following features:
- Reliable and secure energy supply
- Developed IT enabled power system infrastrucuture
- Direct access to energy devices amd their information
- Real time information of the energy consumed or produced
- Remote monitoring and control of power system entities
- Provide service-oriented interaction capabilities for easy integration with enterprise applications such as billing and maintenance application
- Generate real-time data and reports
- Reduce energy losses
- Automatic fault detection, isolation and restoration
- Improve energy efficiency
- Optimized usage of electricity
- Effective use of renewable energy sources and reduction of carbon foot print
- Effective use of distributed energy resources
- Flexible data exchange mechanism
- Improved system Stability
- Effective Energy Audit
The scope of this project study contains the following functionality:
- Smart Home
- Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)
- Advanced communication infrastructure
- Smart city substation
- Smart city control centre
- Renewable Integration
- Advanced IT infrastructure
- Storage Management
- Build research and development platform for the smart distribution system
- Develop smart city prototype for the future smart cities
- Showcase state of the art technologies being used in smart city
- Demonstrate the future capabilities of the smart city
- Development and testing of innovative methodologies for efficient operation and control of a smart distribution system (SDS)
- Integration of renewable sources of energy into the existing distribution system and study its impact on the grid
- Demonstrate as a model project to the utility companies working in smart grid ditribution area
- Smart City at IIT Kanpur includes 10 substation of IIT kanpur power distribution network.
- 10 substation of IIT kanpur feed around 9.2MW load of the institution.
- The main substation is 33KV/11KV substation that takes supply from the grid.
- The other substations are 11KV/440V substations which are connected to the main substation are responsible to feed the academic and residential load of IIT Kanpur.
- The Smart City pilot is designed in such a way that the future expansion, upgradation, research and development works are possible.
- Most of the smart devices will be connected in plug and play format. The technology framework will smart grid standards and protocols such as IEC61850 , Common Information Model for the seamless interoperability of data and message among various applications.
- Enterprise service bus (ESB) will serve as the backbone for the data exchange under the smart city pilot.
- It also includes home automation of 20 houses along with the 5kwP installation of PV system at each house.
- Development of central control center is to be done where monitoring & control of all the substation will be done.
The Key Performance Indices (KPIs) will indicate the effectiveness of the smart city project. These indices will also form the baseline for the future execution of the smart city projects. The major KPIs to be monitored and analysed in the project are as follows:
- Total energy saving
- Power quality
- Loss reduction
- Outage duration
- Penetration of renewables
- Customer satisfaction
- Billing efficiency
- Peak load