Laws, Acts, and the Constitution
Some support organizations
Policies of some other educational institutes
Some Articles
Some Judgements and Orders

Laws, Acts, and the Constitution

The Government of India has constituted the following Acts for ensuring the safety of women:

1. The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013 (Dec 9, 2013). The Act

    • defines sexual harassment

    • makes both perpetrators and their institutions accountable

    • prioritizes protection of women against sexual harassment at workplace

    • mandates that employers have a complaint redressal mechanism: the Internal Complaints Committee (link)

Link to CCS conduct rules and Rules for The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013.

2. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Apr 2, 2013). The Act

    • identifies sexual harassment as a criminal offense

    • recognizes voyeurism and stalking as criminal offenses, in addition to acid-attacks and rape

    • quantifies punishment for perpetrator(s)

The Constitution of India, through Articles 14, 15, 16, 19(1)(g), and 21, guarantees to women, fundamental rights for equality, freedom, and a safe (working) environment free from harassment and discrimination (link).

Other relevant legal documents: Vishaka Guidelines against Sexual Harassment at Workplace


Some support organizations
1. National Commission for Women (NCW) complaints and investigation cell (success stories)

2. Human Rights Law Network
3. Akshara Centre

Policies of some other educational institutes
1. IIT Bombay
2. TIFR Bombay
3. IISER Pune
4. JNU
5. Delhi University
6. Princeton University
7. Harvard University
8. Columbia University
9. Stanford University
10. University of Chicago

Some Articles
Anju Thomas, "Incidents of Sexual Harassment at Educational Institutes in India: Preventive Measures and Grievance Handling," Review article in Journal of Recent Advances in Multidisciplinary Research, March 2015.

Namrata Gupta, "Perceptions of the Work Environment: The Issue of Gender in Indian Scientific Research Institutes," Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 2016.

Some Judgements and Orders related to Sexual Harassment Cases
Indian Kanoon

Example Judgements

Judgement ADJ, Judgement M.K. Lele, Judgement Seema Lepcha