Amar Agarwal Ph.D. (IIT-Roorkee, India; KIT-Germany)
DAAD Fellow, AvH Fellow, Associate IASc
Assistant Professor

E-mail: amarag[AT]iitk.ac.in
Office Phone: (+91) 512 679 2145

 

Research Specialization

  • Applied Structural Geology
  • Impact Cratering
  • Rock magnetism

Current Teaching area

  • Structural Geology
  • Communication skills in Earth Sciences

Research Interests

I employ investigative tools such field studies, and optical and electron microscopy, structural analysis, strain estimation, magnetic mineralogy, magnetic fabrics, paleomagnetism and various spectroscopies. The main research directions include, (i) studying the effect of shock waves at natural and experimental impact craters; (ii) understanding the evolution of various faults and thrusts, such as those in Himalaya, Central Mexico and Turkey; and (iii) understanding the emplacement dynamics of various pyroclastic and volcanic deposits in India and Mexico.

 

Professional Experience

  • 2019 to present: Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Technology-Kanpur, Kanpur, India.

  • 2018 to 2019: Alexander von Humboldt Post Doc at University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

  • 2015 to 2017: Post-doctoral researcher at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, CD Mexico, Mexico.

  • 2012 - 2014: Doctoral candidate at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany (sandwich model).

  • 2011 – 2015: Doctoral candidate at Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India.

 

Awards and Fellowships

  • Associate, Indian Academy of Sciences (IASc), Bengaluru, India (2021-2024)

  • Alexander von Humboldt postdoctoral fellowship at University of Freiburg, Germany (2017 - 2019)

  • Dirección General Asuntos del Personal Académico (DGPA) fellowship for Postdoctoral Research in Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM), Mexico (2015 - 2017).

  • Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) Sandwich Model Scholarship for PhD in Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany (2012 - 2014).

  • CSIR-UGC NET, on 19th June 2011, qualified for Junior Research Fellowship for PhD.

 

Invited Lectures

  • Variation in paramagnetic fabric due to experimental impact cratering. At Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe Germany. January-2019.

  • Experimental impact on gneiss: effects of foliation on cratering process. At Center of Advanced studies in Geology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India. January-2019

  • Shock wave induced micro shear zones and localization of shock energy. At Institute of Geophysics, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico. September-2015.

  • Fundamentals and applications of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility. At Department of Geology, University of Sonora, Hermosillo Sonora, Mexico. October-2016.

  • Pictorial remnant magnetization: dating of ancient murals (rock paintings) in India. At Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee, Roorkee, India. January-2017.

 

Projects

4.

Determining the origin of the Simlipal Volcanics: meteoritic Impact vs effusive volcanism. Approved by STC, ISRO, India.

3.

Impact excavation processes on terrestrial analogues for Mars: a case study at Lonar Crater, India. - Ongoing (2021-2024). Funded by AvH Foundation, Germany.

2.

Linking microstructures, magnetic fabrics and magnetic anomaly at impact structures - Ongoing (2020-2022). Funded by SERB-DST, India.

1.

Origin and emplacement of impact melt at Dhala Impact structure, India - Ongoing (2020-2022). Funded by IIT-K, India.

 

List of Publications (peer reviewed)

30.

Agarwal*, et al. (2022). Tectonics, cooling rates and temperatures during emplacement of the Rajmahal traps, India. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2022.107496

29.

Agarwal, A*. Impact Craters in India (2022). J Geol Soc India. 98, 286. Doi:10.1007/s12594-022-1970-9

28.

Planke, et al. (2022). Mid-Norwegian Continental Margin Magmatism and Paleoclimate Implications. International Ocean Discovery Program. Doi: 10.14379/iodp.pr.396.2022

27.

Agarwal A, Srivastava D.C., Shah J., Mamtani M. (2021) Magnetic fabrics in an apparently undeformed granite body near Main Boundary Thrust (MBT), Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, India. Tectonophysics. doi: 10.1007/BF02300769.

26.

Joshi G.*, Agarwal A., Agarwal K.K., Singh, P.V., Singh. S. (2021) Asymmetric development of Himalaya: quantitative evidence from strain analysis in Kimin -Ziro- Tamen Area, Arunachal Lesser Himalaya, India. International Journal of Earth Sciences (Geol Rundsch). doi: 10.1007/s00531-021-02027-7

25.

Agarwal A.*, Kumar S., Joshi G., Agarwal K.K. (2020) Evidence for shock provides insight into the formation of the Central Elevated Area in the Dhala structure, India. Meteoritics & Planetary Science. 1-8. doi: 10.1111/MAPS.13604-3385.

24.

Agarwal A.*, Reznik B., Srivastava, D.C. (2020) Stereographic reconstruction of impact microstructures using optical and electron microscopy. Journal of Geological Society of India. 96, 579-583. doi: 10.1007/s12594-020-1605-y.

23.

Kenkmann T.*, Wulf G., Agarwal A. (2020) Ramgarh, Rajasthan, India: a 10 km diameter complex impact crater. Meteoritic & planetary science. https://doi.org/10.1111/maps.13454

22.

Agarwal A.*, Poelchau M. H., Kenkmann T., Rae A., Ebert M. (2020) Impact experiment on gneiss: The effects of foliation on cratering process. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth. 124 (12), 13532-13546. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JB018345

21.

Agarwal, A.*, Alva-Valdivia, L. (2020) Curie temperature of weakly shocked target basalts at the Lonar impact crater, India. Earth Planet and Space. 71, 141. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40623-019-1120-9

20.

Alva-Valdivia, L.*, Guerrero-Díaz, P., Agarwal, A., Urrutia-Fucugauchi J., Caballero-Miranda C. I. (2020). Review of magmatic iron-ore mineralization in central-western Mexico: Rock-magnetism and magnetic anomaly modelling of Las Truchas, case study. Journal of South American Earth Sciences. 97, 102409. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2019.102409

19.

Hernández-Cardona, A., Alva-Valdivia, L.M.*, Acosta-Ochoa, G., Agarwal, A., Cruz-y-Cruz, T. and de Tapia, E.M. (2019). Thermomagnetic mapping of two Preceramic hearths of the Playa Phase in southern Mexico City. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas. 36 (3), 411-418.

18.

Agarwal A.*, Kontny A., Poelchau M. H., Kenkmann T. (2019). Variation in magnetic fabrics due to experimental impact cratering. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth. 124(8), 9095-9108. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JB017128

17.

Joshi G.*, Agarwal K.K., Agarwal A., Vidal-Solano, J.R. (2019). Uranium enrichment at North Almora Thrust Zone, Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Earth System Science. 128 (8), 212. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-019-1245-z

16.

Alva-Valdivia, L.M.*, Rodríguez-Trejo, A., Morales, J., González-Rangel, J.A. and Agarwal, A. (2019). Paleomagnetism and age constrains of historical lava flows from the El Jorullo volcano, Michoacán, Mexico. Journal of South American Earth Sciences. 93, 439-448. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2019.05.016

15.

Alva-Valdivia, L. M., Agarwal, A.*, García-Amador, B., Morales-Barrera, W., Agarwal, K.K., Rodríguez, S. and Gonzalez-Rangel, J. A. (2019). Paleomagnetism and tectonics from the late Pliocene to late Pleistocene in the Xalapa monogenetic volcanic field, Veracruz, Mexico. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 131(9-10), 1581–1590. https://doi.org/10.1130/B32006.1

14.

Alva-Valdivia, L. M*., Rodríguez-Trejo, A., Vidal-Solano, J. R., Paz-Moreno, F. and Agarwal, A. (2019). Emplacement temperature resolution and age determination of Cerro Colorado tuff ring by paleomagnetic analysis, El Pinacate Volcanic Field, Sonora, Mexico. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 369, 145-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2018.11.012

13.

Agarwal, A.*, Lied P., (2018). Overturned jointed non-sheared granite block emplaced on sheared non-jointed Alum shale. International journal of Earth Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-018-1610-1

12.

Agarwal, A.*, Alva-Valdivia, L.M., Rivas-Sánchez, M.L., Herrero-Bervera, E., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Garcia-Espejel, V., (2017). Emplacement dynamics and hydrothermal alteration of the 2.8 Mya Atengo ignimbrite, southern Sierra Madre Occidental, northwestern Mexico. Journal of South American Earth Sciences. 80, 559-568. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2017.10.017

11.

Agarwal K.K., Bali, R., Joshi G., Agarwal A.*, (2017). A novel Seahorse-shaped, small-scale structure from Almora Crystalline Zone, Uttarakhand, India. International journal of Earth Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-017-1547-9

10.

Alva-Valdivia L. M.*, Cyphers A., Rivas-Sánchez M. L., Agarwal A., Zurita-Noguera J. and Urrutia-Fucugauchi J., (2017). Mineralogical and magnetic characterization of Olmec ilmenite multi-perforated artefacts and inferences on source provenance. European journal of mineralogy, 29(5). 851-860. https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2017/0029-2654

9.

Alva-Valdivia L. M.*, Agarwal A., Caballero-Miranda C. I., García-Amador B.I., Morales-Barrera W., Rodríguez S., and Rodríguez-Trejo A., (2017). Paleomagnetic and AMS studies of the El Castillo ignimbrite, central-east Mexico: Source and rock magnetic nature. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 336, 140-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.02.014

8.

Agarwal A.*, Reznik B., Alva-Valdivia, L.M., Srivastava, D.C., (2016). Alternating augite-plagioclase wedges in basement dolerites of Lockne impact structure, Sweden: A new shock wave induced deformation feature. Meteoritic & planetary science, 52(3), 458-470. https://doi.org/10.1111/maps.12806

7.

Joshi G., Agarwal, A*, Agarwal K.K., Srivastava S., Alva-Valdivia, L.M., (2016). Microstructures and strain variation: evidence of multiple splays in the North Almora Thrust Zone, Lesser Himalaya, India. Tectonophysics, 694, 239-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2016.11.008

6.

Agarwal, A, Reznik B.*, Kontny A., Heissler S., Schilling F., (2016). Lingunite-a high-pressure plagioclase polymorph at mineral interfaces in doleritic rock of the Lockne impact structure (Sweden). Nature: Scientific Reports, 6, 25991. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep25991

5.

Agarwal A.*, Agarwal K.K., Bali, R., Prakash C, Joshi G., (2016). Back-thrusting in Lesser Himalaya: Evidences from magnetic fabric studies in parts of Almora Crystalline Zone, Kumaun Lesser Himalaya. Journal of Earth System Science, 125(4), 873–884. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-016-0699-5

4.

Agarwal A.*, Kontny A., Srivastava D.C., Greiling R.O., (2015). Shock pressure estimates in target basalts of a pristine crater: a case study in the Lonar crater, India. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 128, 19-28. https://doi.org/10.1130/B31172.1

3.

Agarwal A.*, Kontny A., Greiling R.O., (2015). Relationships among magnetic fabrics, microfractures and shock pressures at an impact crater: a case study from Lockne crater, Sweden. Journal of applied geophysics, 114, 232-243 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jappgeo.2015.01.010

2.

Agarwal K.K.*, Sharma A., Jahan N., Prakash C., Agarwal A., (2011). Occurrence of Pseudotachylites in the vicinity of South Almora Thrust Zone, Kumaun Lesser Himalaya. Current Science, 101(3), 431-434. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24078524

1.

Agarwal K.K.*, Jahan N., Agarwal A., (2010). Modification of fold geometry in Almora Crystalline Shear Zone, Lesser Himalaya, India. Journal of Geological Society of India, 75, 411-414. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-010-0037-5

 

Book Chapters

  1. Joshi, G., Singh, S., Singh, P.V., Agarwal, K.K., Agarwal, A., 2021. Structural evolution and Kinematic flow analysis: A case study from Kimin – Ziro - Tamen Area, Arunachal Lesser Himalaya, India. Jour. Ind. Geol. Cong. 13(1).

  2. Agarwal, A., 2019. Lonar: The Impact Crater, in: India’s spectacular geoheritage sites. Geography and You, India. 19 (25-26), pp.70 -80

  3. Alva-Valdivia, L.M., Agarwal, A., 2018. Magnetic Field Gradient, in: The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA, pp. 1–4.
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119188230.saseas0351

  4. Alva-Valdivia, L.M., Agarwal, A., Cruz-y-Cruz, T., 2018. Magnetic Susceptibility, in: The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA, pp. 1–4.
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119188230.saseas0353

 

Publications in conferences

28.

Frieling et al. Exploring links between the North Atlantic Igneous Province and Paleocene–Eocene climate change using sedimentary mercury. Climate and Biotic Events of the Paleogene. MARUM - Zentrum für Marine Umweltwissenschaften der Universität Bremen, Bremen, Germany, 22 - 25 Aug 2022.

27.

Scherer et al. An ultra-high resolution diatom study of Paleogene diatomites of the Norwegian Sea (IODP Exp. 396) with implications for PETM seasonality and volcanic-sourced nutrients. 14th edition of the International Conference on Paleoceanography, Bergen, Norway, April 2022.

26.

Nelissen et al. Exploring links between excess magmatism during the North Atlantic continental breakup and the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) – a marine palynological approach. 14th edition of the International Conference on Paleoceanography, Bergen, Norway, April 2022.

25.

Millet et al. Core-log-seismic integration of a volcano-sedimentary sequence penetrated at the Kolga High seaward dipping reflector sequence, mid-Norway: initial results from IODP Expedition 396. Nordic Geological Winter Meeting, Reykjavik, May 2022.

24.

Planke et al. IODP Expedition 396: Mid-Norwegian Continental Margin Magmatism and Paleoclimate Implications. Nordic Geological Winter Meeting, Reykjavik, May 2022.

23.

Planke et al. Operations and Initial Results from IODP Expedition 396: Mid-Norwegian Continental Margin Magmatism and Paleoclimate. EGU22. Session: Achievements and perspectives in scientific ocean and continental drilling. Vienna, Austria, 2022.

22.

Chatterjee et al. Overview and preliminary results from IODP Expedition 396: Mid-Norwegian Continental Margin Magmatism. Japan Geoscience Union, Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan. 2022.

21.

Planke et al. The importance of high-resolution 3D seismic data for deep sea drilling: Results from IODP Exp. 396, Norwegian Sea. Norwegian Petroleum Society's Biennial Geophysical Seminar 2022.

20.

Kenkmann T., Wulf G., Agarwal A. India´s third impact crater: Ramgarh, Rajasthan, India. Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution VI-2019, Brasília, Brazil.

19.

Rae A.S.P., Kenkmann T., Padmanabha V., Schäfer F., Poelchau M.H., Agarwal A., Dörfler M., and Müller L. Strain-rate dependent brittle deformation in rocks. Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution VI-2019, Brasília, Brazil.

18.

Agarwal A., Kontny A., Poelchau M.H., Kenkmann T. Effects of target layering on subsurface deformation. Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution VI-2019, Brasília, Brazil.

17.

Agarwal A. Understanding the damage of rocks due to meteorite impact cratering. 9th Bonn Humboldt Award Winners’ Forum-2019. Bonn, Germany

16.

Agarwal A., Poelchau M. H., Kenkmann T. Kinked biotite as strain markers in experimental impact craters in gneiss. Lunar and Planetary science conference-2019. Houstan, U.S.A.

15.

Agarwal K.K., Agarwal A., Joshi G. Back-thrusting in Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, India. Rock Deformation and Structures- V. Department of Geology, University of Delhi-2018

14.

Agarwal, A., Michael Poelchau, Thomas Kenkmann. Plaeostress and final strain estimation in experimental impact crater: clues to shock wave behaviour. GeoBonn 2018-6b) Impact cratering throughout the solar system. Bonn, Germany, 2018.

13.

Agarwal, A., Alva-Valdivia L. M., García-Amador B.I. Paleomagnetism and tectonics from the late Pliocene to late Pleistocene in the Xalapa monogenetic volcanic field, Veracruz, Mexico. GeoBonn 2018- 2d) Tectonic Systems. Bonn, Germany, 2018.

12.

Agarwal, A., Reznik, B., Kontny, A. Formation of nanoscopic Lingunite and alternating augite- plagioclase wedges at Lockne impact crater, Sweden, in: European Planetary Science Congress. Berlin, 2018.

11.

Alva-Valdivia L. M., Cyphers A., Rivas-Sánchez M. L., Agarwal A., Zurita-Noguera J. and Urrutia-Fucugauchi J. Mineralogical and magnetic characterization of Olmec Ilmenite Multiperforated Artifacts and Inferences on source provenance. International Conference on Rock Magnetism, Utrecht University, Netherlands, 2017.

10.

Alva-Valdivia, L. M., Agarwal, A.*, García-Amador, B., Morales-Barrera, W., Agarwal, K.K., Rodríguez, S. and Gonzalez-Rangel, J. A. (2017). Paleomagnetism and tectonics from the late Pliocene to late Pleistocene in the Xalapa monogenetic volcanic field, Veracruz, Mexico. Latinmag Proceedings, vol 7, Special Issue (2017). Juriquilla, Qro, Mexico.

9.

Joshi G., Agarwal K.K., Rameshwar B., Agarwal A., Srivastava S. Deformation pattern in rocks along the North Almora Thrust Zone, Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, Uttarakhand, India. Rock Deformation & Structures (RDS-IV), Kumaun University, Nainital, 2016.

8.

Reznik B., Kontny A., Agarwal A. Lingunite discovery in doleritic rock of the Lockne impact crater, Sweden: evidence of impact energy localization at heterogeneous mineral interfaces. Bridging the Gap III, Freiburg, Germany, 2015, 1027.

7.

Agarwal A., Reznik B., Kontny A., Greiling R. O. Shock generated microscale shear fractures: sites of intense pressure and temperature concentration. Rock Deformation & Structures (RDS-III), Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh, India, October 2014, 66-67.

6.

Agarwal A., Kontny A., Srivastava D. C., Greiling R. O. Microfractures and magnetic fabrics in the target rocks at Lonar crater, India: proxies for shock pressure estimation Rock Deformation & Structures (RDS-III), Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh, India, October 2014, 68-69.

5.

Agarwal A., Agarwal K.K., Rameshwar B., Chandra P., Strain estimation and anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility studies in parts of Almora Crystalline Zone, Kumaun Lesser Himalaya. WIHG-IGU Workshop 2013: Modern Perspective in Himalayan Geosciences, Dehradun, India, June 2013, 1.

4.

Agarwal A., Lied P., Srivastava D., Kontny A., Greiling R.O. Evolution of magnetic fabrics before and after the impact in the Lockne Crater, Sweden. EGU General Assembly 2013, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vienna, Austria, 2013, vol. 15, 4.

3.

Agarwal A., Agarwal K.K., Misra A.K. Numerical simulation of critical wedge developed in sandbox analogue model. Rock Deformation & Structures (RDS-II), Centre of advanced study in geology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India, October 2012, 6.

2.

Agarwal A., (2009). Climatic Change. National Symposium on The Planet Earth: Its Finite Resources and Human Civilization, Dept. of Geology, Banaras Hindu University.

1.

Agarwal K.K., Rath P.K., Agarwal A., (2007). Factors Controlling Thrust Geometry and Systems Using Physical Modelling. Collision Zone Geodynamics Workshop (Geocollision 2007), Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehra Dun, India. 28(3), 01.