COVID-19 Outbreak in India



Profs. Rajesh Ranjan and Mahendra Verma, along with their team at IIT Kanpur, provide daily COVID-19 forecasts in Indiaon ( ).

Key observations:

  • The second wave has waned significantly almost in every state except in someNortheast states (Mizoram, Manipur, Sikkim etc.).

  • India’s average daily case count has reduced significantly. As on 19 June, it is 63,000 compared the peak of about 4 lakhs.

  • Most states have daily Test Positivity Rate(TPR) less than WHO recommended level (5%). However, Kerala, Goa, Sikkim, Meghalaya still have high daily TPR (>10%).

  • India’s daily Case Fatality Rate (CFR) has increased recentlyto 3.5%,but cumulative CFR of the second wave is comparable to that of the first wave.

There is a significant anxiety among policy makers and public about the third wave. For the same, using SIR model, we have constructed the following three scenarios of a possible third wave using the epidemic parameters of the second wave.We assume that India is fully unlocked on 15 July.

  1. Scenario 1 (Back-to-Normal):Third wave peak in October but a lower peak height than the second wave.

  2. Scenario 2 (Normal with virus mutations): The peak could be higher than the second one and may appear early (September).

  3. Scenario 3 (Stricter interventions):The peak of the third wave could be delayed until late October with strict social distancing. Here, the peak will be lower than the second wave.

Vaccination is known to break the transmission chain. At present, the model does not include vaccination, which should decrease the peak significantly. Revised model with vaccination and with more recent data on the same is being worked out.



Birds at IIT Kanpur
Information for School Children
IITK Radio
Counseling Service